國際訊息/International News

研究發現,音樂產業提供了200萬個工作職位,每年為歐盟和英國的經濟貢獻819億歐元

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2020年11月17日–根據IFPI委託牛津經濟研究院的深入研究《音樂對歐洲的經濟影響》顯示,音樂產業提供了200萬個就業機會,每年為27個歐盟成員國和英國(EU28)的經濟貢獻819億歐元。

這項研究使用2018年的數據,發現音樂產業對歐盟28國的年度經濟貢獻包括:

  • l 提供200萬個工作職位;
  • l 貢獻819億歐元的總生產毛額;
  • l 向歐盟28國以外國家/地區出口價值97億歐元的商品和服務。

IFPI國際總會總裁Frances Moore說:「音樂本身及其文化是歐洲不可或缺的一環,它激勵並療癒我們,在很多方面其價值是難以衡量的。除此之外,正如牛津經濟研究院的首份報告所述,音樂為歐盟和英國做出了重大的經濟貢獻-支持就業,增加國內生產總值和稅收並激勵出口。

這項貢獻的核心是歐盟的7400家唱片公司。除了在整個歐洲僱用近45,000名員工之外,他們還在音樂以外的其他領域進行了重要的投資,對歐洲的出口做出了重要貢獻。

要使音樂產業對歐洲的重要貢獻能夠長期持續下去,音樂的公道價值必須回饋給創作造和投資音樂的人。為此,歐洲需要一個公平的法律和政策環境,我們將繼續與決策者合作以實現這一目標。」

  

牛津經濟研究院經濟影響諮詢總監Pete Collings表示:「透過調查音樂產業與其他經濟部門的互動方式,我們的研究描繪了整個歐洲地區內音樂產業如何刺激經濟活動,提供工作並產生稅收的圖像。為此,我們聚焦在一個從事各種活動的大小公司的音樂生態系統如何直接對歐洲經濟做出可觀的貢獻,堪與數個成員國的整體經濟相比。

然而,音樂產業的經濟足跡遠遠超出了其自身的活動範圍。對於整個歐洲唱片公司的採購維持了廣大的泛歐洲供應鏈。這些乘數效應遍及整個歐洲經濟,進一步維持了就業,提供了稅收,並提升整個歐洲大陸的GDP。」

《音樂對歐洲的經濟影響》針對音樂產業對整體就業影響調查發現它在EU28中提供了200萬個工作機會,這意味著每119個工作職位中就有一個屬於音樂產業。

該研究還發現,歐洲(包括來自英國)音樂出口創造了97億歐元的收入,其中唱片公司,音樂發行商和串流音樂服務創造了近一半的收入(47億歐元)。

音樂產業在創造稅收方面也發揮著至關重要的作用,2018年歐盟28國的稅收收入達到310億歐元。這相當於當年歐盟整體預算的19.4%。

 


Music supports two million jobs, contributes €81.9 billion annually to economy of EU and UK, study finds

Full report available here

Infographic available here

17th November 2020  – The music sector supports two million jobs and contributes €81.9 billion annually to the economy across the 27 EU Member States and the UK (EU28), according to The Economic Impact of Music in Europe, an in-depth study by Oxford Economics that was commissioned by IFPI.

The study, using 2018 data, found that music’s annual economic contributions to the EU28 include:

  • Supporting two million jobs;
  • Contributing €81.9 billion in gross value added to GDP; and
  • Exporting €9.7 billion worth of goods and services to countries outside the EU28.

Frances Moore, chief executive of IFPI, said: “Music is an essential part of Europe, its identity and culture. In so many ways music’s value is incalculable, it thrills us and heals us. Even beyond that, as Oxford Economics’ first-of-its-kind report demonstrates, music makes a vital economic contribution to the European Union and UK – supporting jobs, boosting gross domestic product and tax payments, and driving exports.

“At the heart of this contribution are the EU’s 7,400 record companies. In addition to employing nearly 45,000 people across the EU, they invest significantly in other parts of the music sector and make a major contribution to Europe’s exports.

“For music’s essential contribution to Europe to be sustainable for the long term, fair value must be returned to those who create and invest in music. To enable this, the sector needs a fair legal and policy environment in Europe, and we continue to work with policymakers to achieve this.”

Pete Collings, Director of Economic Impact Consulting at Oxford Economics, said: “By investigating how the music sector interacts with the rest of the economy, our study maps how it stimulates economic activity, supports jobs and generates tax revenues throughout the whole of Europe. In doing so, we highlight how the music sector—an ecosystem of large and small firms undertaking a wide variety of activities—directly accounts for a sizable contribution to the European economy, comparable to the entire economies of several Member States.

“However, the sector’s economic footprint extends far beyond its own activities. The purchases it makes from firms throughout Europe support lengthy pan-European supply chains. These multiplier effects reach every part of the European economy, further sustaining employment, delivering tax revenues, and generating GDP throughout the continent.”

The Economic Impact of Music in Europe also examines the music sector’s total impact on employment, finding that it supported two million jobs in the EU28, meaning that one in every 119 jobs depended on it.

The study also found that European music exports (including exports from the UK) generated €9.7 billion in revenues – of which record companies, music publishers, and audio streaming services generated almost half (€4.7 billion).

The music sector also played a vital role in generating tax revenues, supporting €31 billion in tax receipts in the EU28 in 2018. This was equivalent to 19.4% of the entire EU budget in the same year.

Full report and infographic available here

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財團法人台灣唱片出版事業基金會

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